Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Luminescence Dynamics of Silica-Encapsulated Quantum Dots During Optical Trapping

Héctor Rodríguez-Rodríguez, María Acebrón, Beatriz H. Juárez, and J. Ricardo Arias-Gonzalez

The trade-off between photobrightening and photobleaching controls the emission stability of colloidal quantum dots. This balance is critical in optical trapping configurations, where irradiances that confine and simultaneously excite the nanocrystals in the focal region cannot be indefinitely lowered. In this work, we studied the photobrightening and bleaching behaviors of two types of silica-encapsulated quantum dots excited upon two-photon absorption in an optical trap. The first type consists of alloyed CdSeZnS quantum dots covered with a silica shell. We found that the dynamics of these as-prepared architectures are similar to those previously reported for bare surface-deposited quantum dots, where thousands of times smaller irradiances were used. We then analyzed the same quantum dot systems treated with an extra intermediate sulfur passivating shell for the better understanding of the surface traps influence in the temporal evolution of their emission in the optical trap. We found that these latter systems exhibit better homogeneity in their photodynamic behavior compared to the untreated ones. These features strengthen the value of quantum dot preparations in optical manipulation as well as for applications where both long and maximal emission stability in physiological and other polar media are required.

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