Friday, September 16, 2016

Concentric Circular Grating Generated by the Patterning Trapping of Nanoparticles in an Optofluidic Chip

Hailang Dai, Zhuangqi Cao, Yuxing Wang, Honggen Li, Minghuang Sang, Wen Yuan, Fan Chen & Xianfeng Chen
Due to the field enhancement effect of the hollow-core metal-cladded optical waveguide chip, massive nanoparticles in a solvent are effectively trapped via exciting ultrahigh order modes. A concentric ring structure of the trapped nanoparticles is obtained since the excited modes are omnidirectional at small incident angle. During the process of solvent evaporation, the nanoparticles remain well trapped since the excitation condition of the optical modes is still valid, and a concentric circular grating consisting of deposited nanoparticles can be produced by this approach. Experiments via scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and diffraction of a probe laser confirmed the above hypothesis. This technique provides an alternative strategy to enable effective trapping of dielectric particles with low-intensity nonfocused illumination, and a better understanding of the correlation between the guided modes in an optical waveguide and the nanoparticles in a solvent.

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