Monday, November 4, 2013

Selective Optical Assembly of Highly Uniform Nanoparticles by Doughnut-Shaped Beams

Syoji Ito, Hiroaki Yamauchi, Mamoru Tamura, Shimpei Hidaka, Hironori Hattori, Taichi Hamada, Keisuke Nishida, Shiho Tokonami, Tamitake Itoh, Hiroshi Miyasaka & Takuya Iida

A highly efficient natural light-harvesting antenna has a ring-like structure consisting of dye molecules whose absorption band changes through selective evolutionary processes driven by external stimuli, i.e., sunlight depending on its territory and thermal fluctuations. Inspired by this fact, here, we experimentally and theoretically demonstrate the selective assembling of ring-like arrangements of many silver nanorods with particular shapes and orientations onto a substrate by the light-induced force of doughnut beams with different colours (wavelengths) and polarizations in conjunction with thermal fluctuations at room temperature. Furthermore, the majority of nanorods are electromagnetically coupled to form a prominent red-shifted collective mode of localized surface plasmons resonant with the wavelength of the irradiated light, where a spectral broadening also appears for the efficient broadband optical response. The discovered principle is a promising route for "bio-inspired selective optical assembly" of various nanomaterials that can be used in the wide field of nanotechnology.
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